Topic: Environmental protection is the responsibility of politicians, not individuals as individuals can do too little. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (25/04/2020)
- Environmental protection = environmental preservation
- To be the responsibility of = to be responsible for = to be in charge of
- politicians = lawmakers = legislators = members of parliament = people whose job is concerned with politics
- governments = the states = authorities
- individuals = inhabitants = residents = citizens
- Gợi ý: Dạng bài OPINION ESSAY, trong đó người viết lựa chọn cách triển khai là không đồng ý với nhận định của đề bài đưa ra do bảo vệ môi trường là trách nhiệm của tất cả mọi người.
Đoạn 1: Trách nhiệm bảo vệ môi trường là của các chính trị gia làm việc tại chính phủ các nước
Ý 1: Urge the Congress/government to enact and enforce new laws governing activities that do harm to the environment + Impose strict/ harsh punishments (long-term prison sentences or heavy fine) on corporations or individuals that violate the law
Ý 2: Propagate the importance of environmental preservation via means of media + Have the authority to require broadcasting companies to show and impart related information
→ raising people awareness
Ý 3: The environmental problems are included in the domain of earth system governance + Require a close collaboration of all countries in the globe
→ the politicians of countries around the world can work on the process of negotiating the agreement and drafting the legislation regarding these global issues
→ agree on suitable and effective actions when taking into account the conditions of each country
Đoạn 2: Lý do các cá nhân cũng đóng vai trò quan trọng trong việc bảo vệ môi trường.
Ý 1: Without the cooperation of every citizen or the support of the surrounding community, law cannot be effectively upheld
→ not possible to combat environment-related issue.
+ Example: unless the dependence on private vehicles is reduced, the goal of cutting down the amount of greenhouse gas emissions globally cannot be successfully achieved.
Ý 2: The change in everyday actions of one ordinary person may have minimal effects, but if millions of individuals spring into actions at the same time
→ make a great contribution to protecting the environment.
+ Example: many countries around the world have shifted towards bicycle-centric development (the Netherlands, Denmark or Sweden)
→ a positive public promotion of cycling is a key element to make these countries become more bicycle-friendly
→ cut down on the volume of CO2 released into the atmosphere.